Florida greeneyes (Berlandiera subacaulis)
Click on terms for botanical definitions.
Florida greeneyes is a perennial herbaceous wildflower. Its bright blooms consist of vibrant yellow ray florets, and greenish-yellow, tubular disk florets, sitting in a cup of bright green bracts. Its dark green, basal leaves are ovately shaped with crenate margins when young; as they mature, they become more deeply lobed. Its stem is hairy. Seeds develop in the bracts and mature into a distinctive, plate-like seed head.
Florida greeneyes typically flowers in spring. It occurs naturally in sandhills, pine flatwoods, and mixed upland forests, as well as along dry roadsides and in ruderal areas. It is endemic to Florida. Florida greeneyes attracts a variety of pollinators.
The genus is named for the 19th century French botanist Jean-Louis Berlandier, who collected botanicals in Mexico and Texas.
Family: Asteraceae (Daisy family)
Native range: Eastern Panhandle, north and central peninsula, Lee and Monroe counties
To see where natural populations of Florida greeneyes have been vouchered, visit florida.plantatlas.usf.edu.
Hardiness: Zones 8b–10
Soil: Dry to well-drained sandy soils
Exposure: Full sun to minimal shade
Growth habit: 1–2’ tall
Propagation: Seed, root division
Garden tips: Once established, Florida greeneyes can form large clumps and produce copious blooms, making for a beautiful spring display. It is easily propagated by seed and root division, is low maintenance and drought tolerant.
Florida greeneyes seeds are available from the Florida Wildflower Cooperative. Plants are often available at nurseries that specialize in native plants. Visit PlantRealFlorida.org to find a native nursery on your area.